Que es un Dominio_Latam Dominios

What is a Domain?

WordPress or CMS (Content Management System) is a platform focused on creating web content or any type of page. Initially it was created with the aim of uploading blogs but over time improvements were implemented in order to upload any type of content or websites such as commercial pages.

Many clients today prefer to use WordPress to create their website as it is very easy and straightforward for them to customize their content on the website. It is for that reason that due to the demand for the use of WordPress by many clients WordPress Hosting was created, in order to meet all the needs that a client may have.

What does the word Domain mean?

According to the Dictionary of the RAE (Royal Academy of the Spanish language): A Domain is defined in two concepts: “Property rights" and in Computer Science “Denomination that identifies a website and that indicates its belonging to a certain category". In other words, a Domain is part of an Internet address that identifies a website and that describes the type of company or organization to which it belongs or the country where it is registered.

How does a Domain work?

When talking about a Domain, we already know that it refers to an identifier or name. Does this mean that a web page is stored in a Domain? Not exactly, since the websites are accessed by means of an IP address or numerical identifier (For example: IP 192.182.1.1) that facilitate the search to know on which server the website is hosted, which in turn is in an account of Hosting or space.

To understand it more clearly, let's give an example: We all have friends, whether they are co-workers, study colleagues or acquaintances. What is easier? Calling our friends by their ID number or calling them by name? Obviously no one would dare to memorize the identification number of each one to call it by number, on the contrary it is easier to remember their names and call them that way when we need to address them. In the same way, a Domain is easier than remembering the IP where it is hosted on the server.

On the other hand, a Domain has greater advantages than an IP or numerical identifier, since the IP can change or vary depending on the server where the website is hosted, however the Domain does not change, it will always be the same.

However, something more is needed for a Domain to function and find the website that we are going to look for. Let's take an example, let's say we go for a walk to a city and we need to get to the house of a friend or relative to stay. What would happen if that person gave us the coordinates of their house? Could we get to your place of residence? Maybe, but wouldn't it be much easier to get there if you gave us your home address? In the same way, a Domain uses a system that is responsible for translating the Domain we are looking for into an IP that can understand the website we are looking for. And that is precisely what a DNS (Domain Name System) does. It is the acronym that translates: Domain Name System.

So a DNS would be like the address of a home or house that websites use to know where the page we are looking for is. The Domains are responsible for translating an IP into a name that we can easily remember and reach our destination, in this case a page on the Internet.

How does a Domain work?

Cuando se habla de un Dominio, ya sabemos que

refers to an identifier or name. Does this mean that a web page is stored in a Domain? Not exactly, since the websites are accessed by means of an IP address or numerical identifier (For example: IP 192.182.1.1) that facilitate the search to know on which server the website is hosted, which in turn is in an account of Hosting or space.

To understand it more clearly, let's give an example: We all have friends, whether they are co-workers, study colleagues or acquaintances. What is easier? Calling our friends by their ID number or calling them by name? Obviously no one would dare to memorize the identification number of each one to call it by number, on the contrary it is easier to remember their names and call them that way when we need to address them. In the same way, a Domain is easier than remembering the IP where it is hosted on the server.

On the other hand, a Domain has greater advantages than an IP or numerical identifier, since the IP can change or vary depending on the server where the website is hosted, however the Domain does not change, it will always be the same.

However, something more is needed for a Domain to function and find the website that we are going to look for. Let's take an example, let's say we go for a walk to a city and we need to get to the house of a friend or relative to stay. What would happen if that person gave us the coordinates of their house? Could we get to your place of residence? Maybe, but wouldn't it be much easier to get there if you gave us your home address? In the same way, a Domain uses a system that is responsible for translating the Domain we are looking for into an IP that can understand the website we are looking for. And that is precisely what a DNS (Domain Name System) does. It is the acronym that translates: Domain Name System.

So a DNS would be like the address of a home or house that websites use to know where the page we are looking for is. The Domains are responsible for translating an IP into a name that we can easily remember and reach our destination, in this case a page on the Internet.

Generic Domains

Generic Domains are the most common and used worldwide. Here are some examples of the best known:

  • .com: This domain is originally used to name commercial websites or web pages, it is generally the most used and registered worldwide.
  • .org: It comes from the abbreviation of organization, and is used in non-profit organizations, such as institutions or foundations.
  • .edu: This Domain is used for educational institutions such as schools, universities and establishments for educational purposes.
  • .net: Initially it was used to associate it with the network or the Internet, however many people use it as an alternative to .com in case they cannot find the domain name with the .com extension
  • .gov: This type of extension is used for government entities that can only be used by the state or government

As we can see, these are just some of the many types of Domains that are currently managed since currently generic domains have been expanded to have access to many more extensions.

Territorial Domains

Territorial or geographic domains are used to identify a country or place in the world from where the website's business or commerce originates. This type of extension is made up of two letters and they are used to indicate where they are located, such as a country.

Here are some examples of Geographic Domains

  • .ar: Argentina
  • .br: Brazil
  • .co: Colombia
  • .is Spain
  • .mx: Mexico

Third Level Domains

Third-level Domains are those that have the Generic Domains extension and end with the Geographical Domains extension, for example:

If it is in Colombia it would be like this

  • .com.co
  • .edu.co
  • .gov.co

If it is in Mexico, it would apply as follows:

  • .com.mx
  • .edu.mx
  • .gov.mx

States of a Domain

Domains, like a product, go through a life cycle or state depending on the use that is given to it and the function it fulfills.

Therefore, it is very important to know these details since depending on that we can give a correct use to a website and Domain if we want to keep it for a long time.

Next, let's see the states through which a Domain passes

    • Available: This message indicates that the domain name has not been registered by any person or company, so it is ready to be registered or purchased. We can look for the Domains in any Domain Registrar as a “whois" or from any web page of a Hosting provider, we enter the domain name and he will tell us if it is available or has already been registered by someone else. In the event that the name we are looking for is not available, the same search engine gives us other available alternatives to register a Domain name either with another extension or a name related to the one we are looking for.
    • Registered: When we look at this message in the search engine, it means that the Domain has already been registered by another person, therefore the Domain will be occupied, so to speak, for at least one year.
    • Active (Ok): This status indicates that the Domain is being used by a site or web page.
    • Expired (Expired): At the end of one year from the moment the registration was made, if the Domain is not renewed before the expiration or expiration date, the Domain stops working or being reflected on the website. Although it can be renewed after the domain has expired, it can change status after 20 – 30 days from the expiration date.
    • Redemption: If the Domain has not been renewed after approximately 30 days, it goes into a state or period known as “redemption" in which it is not possible to renew or transfer it, something like a type of blocking. However, it is possible to remove it from the redemption period by paying a penalty or fine at a very high price. For example, a domain registrar such as Enom charges a value of $ 300 (USD) Dollars for the release of this Domain so that it can be enabled and used again.
    • Pendig Delete (Elimination): If we look at this status in any Domain search engine or a whois it means that it has gone through the redemption period and is about to be released to be registered or purchased again either by the same person who bought it initially or by another person or company. However, it must be taken into account that in some cases a Domain can be released or leave the redemption status and instantly be registered by another provider, this is because when it comes to Domains some “robots" perform the Domain registration Randomly, it can be at any Domain Registrar anywhere in the world.

What is Whois and what is it for?

WHOIS is a kind of public directory with technical information on registered Domains, as well as relevant data that can be very useful when consulting a Domain. The information provided by WHOIS includes: the name of the registrant, the date on which the Domain was purchased and registered, the expiration date, the current status of the Domino, the DNS (Name Servers) that are currently configured in the Domain, the country where the purchase or registration was made, and other details that give us exact information about the Domain. We can enter in any web browser and in the URL or in Google we can enter the word “WHOIS” and we will find several search engines where we can consult about a specific Domain.

Domain transfer

Can I transfer a Domain from one provider to another if I have not been one year old from the moment of registration? Of course yes! If the reason for the transfer is due to non-conformities with the bad service, support problems or perhaps cheaper prices than what I am currently paying for the renewal of my Domain, it can be transferred to another service provider.

It must be taken into account that before making the transfer request, the Domain must be active or in an OK state, it must not be expired or in a redemption state, since if so, it will not allow any type of modification or request. Nor should it be close to expiring less than 30 days, since in some cases the transfer process could fail and not be completed satisfactorily. Subsequently, you must make a request to the administrator of the Domain or from the client access to request to unlock the Domain and request the authorization code (“Auth Code, EPP Code, Transfer Code")

This code will reach the registered email so that with the same code you can carry out the transfer process to the new service provider, which will allow you to register the Domain without any restriction. This transfer process can take a few days to complete until the Domain is registered with the new service provider, in the same way we can check this in a Whois.

What domain should I choose or register?

It is very important to be clear about what my objective is when registering a Domain, since the success of my website on the Internet will depend on that. That is why it is necessary that we analyze whether the Domain I am looking for is going to focus on a product, a person, a topic of interest, a blog or a business. In fact, it is important that we have vision regarding this, since the domain name will be the way in which people can easily find what they are looking for, depending on the topic of interest or product that is offered. So the most advisable thing is that we put a name by which it can be easily remembered. To do this, here are some suggestions when it comes to registering a Domain:

  • The shorter the name, the easier it will be to remember and locate it on the web.
  • Avoid adding special characters such as symbols, accented letters, capitalized letters or that contain the letter “ñ"
  • Do not use names of recognized brands, as this could cause inconveniences in the future or even the loss of the Domain.

What happens if I no longer want to use my Domain?

If after a while the Domain that we register we are no longer going to use it, be it for personal or business reasons, there is no problem. Most Hosting and Domain service provider companies do not penalize for not continuing with the use of the Domain, since if the respective renewal is not carried out upon expiration or expiration, the Domain after a period of time between 45 and 60 days it is again available for sale and registration.

In conclusion, a Domain can offer us a possibility to grow our business, make a product or article of interest known and make it more accessible to more people in the age of technology.

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